An Overview of Psalm 110
By Al Stoner

Psalms 110

1    A Psalm of David. The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.  2    The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.  3    Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.  4    The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.  5    The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.  6    He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill the places with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries.  7    He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.

In Psalm 110, quoted more than any other Psalm by the Lord and His Apostles, we find a concise summation, by the Spirit, of God’s eternal purpose in Christ.  He will deal justly with all rebels, and yet He announces a very gracious provision that He has made for those who are returning unto Him from their sin and transgression.

The LORD. Jehovah (Jahwe), the God of Abraham (Gen. 31:42), I AM (Exod. 3:14), the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob (Exod. 3:16), the God of the Hebrews (Exod. 5:3), the God of Israel (Exod. 24:10), the God of Jeshurun (Deut. 33:26), the eternal self-existent One (Him, who was, and who is, and who is to come, the Alpha and Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End), the High and Lofty One who inhabits eternity (Isa. 57:15), the God of the spirits of all flesh (Num. 16:22; 27:16). 

 In the New Covenant Scriptures He is identified as the Father, the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ (Rom. 15:6; II Cor. 1:3; Eph. 1:17; 3:14; Col. 1:3), our Father (Mt. 6:9; Lk. 11:2), "the Father of mercies" (II Cor. 1:3), "the Father of glory" (Eph. 1:17), "the Father of spirits" (Heb. 12:9), and the Father of lights (Jas. 1:17).

The LORD Said. This word originated with one of the Persons of the Godhead (the LORD, in the New Covenant Scriptures revealed to be "the Father") and was spoken to another Member, namely, ("my Lord", as David confessed), and as Christ, in His confrontation with the Pharisees, identified as Himself (Mt. 22:42-46; Mk. 12:35-37). Peter also made the same identification on the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2:34-36).
Unto My Lord. Messiah (Messias), Christ, Jesus Christ, the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the Son of Man, the Brightness of the Father's glory, and the Express Image of His Person, He who upholds all things by the Word of His power.
Sit Thou at My Right Hand.  The rule and dominion of Christ is to bring glory and honor to God.  It is a rule that magnifies His great wisdom even more than His power. The purpose of God in salvation is being carried forward in the face of fierce oppositions, sore trials and discouragements, and even setbacks, from which God's grace enables believing men to recover.
Christ’s Enemies. In this case the enemies are not the Hittites, the Amorites, the Amalekites, or the Jebusites, etc. They are not even those violate the commandments of God.  The enemies are those who have rebelled against the LORD and against His Christ, and the purpose of God in salvation.

The day of Christ’s  power is the day of salvation, it is the accepted time, the acceptable year of the LORD. It is the time when seasons of refreshing come to the hearts of believing men and women from the Presence of the LORD.  It is the time when the New Covenant is enlarging in men's hearts, and the First Covenant is vanishing away. “In that He saith a New Covenant, He hath made the first old. Now that which waxeth old, and decayeth, is ready to vanish away.”

Thou art a Priest forever.  A High Priest in the economy of salvation speaks of the need for, and provision of,  a Fit Man to relate the High and Exalted Jehovah with men who had sinned, and come short of the glory of the God who cannot look upon iniquity.

The concept of a priest had its origins with the true and living God.  It was conceived by Him from the beginning, foreshadowing the great and necessary work that Christ is now doing at the right hand of God. 
Unlike heathen corruptions of the priest and priesthood, Christ is relating men to a God that is known by all on behalf of whom He ministers.  He is not seeking to relate men to a god that is mysterious and basically unknown.
It seems that in the ages to come our need of Christ to be High Priest will take on a entirely different nature. There will no longer be a need for Him to save to the uttermost, or minister a purging of the conscience, as in the present time.  There will no longer be a need to minister to the ignorant, and to them that are out of the way, as that will be something associated with the former things, which will have passed away.
Upon the induction of the ages to come, when the sins, which have so easily beset them, will have been forever put away from the memory of God's embattled saints, and when the warfare of faith is over, Christ's High Priestly ministry will take on a new, yet equally essential, role. [They have already been put away from the memory of the LORD God, even the great and exalted Jehovah, by the sufferings of His Christ.]

The Absolute Need for Christ to be a High Priest Forever.  We are not told the specifics of the nature of Christ’s ministry to us as High Priest in the ages to come, but we can draw some conclusions, reasoning upon what has been revealed of Him and from things that we have been given to know of Him and His working.

God is the High and Lofty One who inhabits eternity. His way is in the sea, and His path is in the great waters, and His footsteps are not known.  His ways are higher than our ways. This is a fundamental point of understanding that every man and woman in Christ must come to, not merely in their doctrine, but also in their persuasion and awareness of Him.

Revelation 7:15-17. Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.  They shall hunger no more, neither thirst any more; neither shall the sun light on them, nor any heat.  For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.

Here we are given to see somewhat of the ministry of the Lord Jesus Christ, as our great High Priest, in the ages to come. 

Therefore are they before the throne of God.  All the “therefore’s” mentioned here speak of a lively awareness of indebtedness to Christ, the Lamb of God, even for our very presence there.
Therefore they serve God day and night in His temple. Now, at best, we are but part time servants, because of the encumbrances and legitimate responsibilities associated with the present time.
Therefore they hunger and thirst no more, as in the former times. No more hungering or thirsting with the sense of lack.  The sense of lack will be wonderfully replaced only with a sense of earnest desire.
Therefore shall the sun light on them, nor any heat. Light and heat, as in the former time, that was the cause of weariness or exhaustion, for the former things will have passed away.
For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them. In the ages to come God’s redeemed sons and daughters will not outlive or outgrow their need to be Divinely fed. This is owing in part, at least, to the greatness and exalted nature of the LORD Jehovah, they have been reconciled by the sufferings of His Christ.

God is not merely going to “turn men loose” to be free spirits, as it were, upon their entrance into “that world” (Lk. 20:35; cf. Heb. 2:5).  They were never made to be free in that sense.  There will always be a lively sense of dependence upon the Lamb, and upon His leading, and upon His feeding.
We must ever be careful to stay clear of thoughts of God and Christ and the Spirit that are not worthy of them.  “All things are delivered unto Me of My Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal Him” (Mt. 11:27).  The Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, and in His identification with us, we are now able to comprehend Him as one that has come near to us in our most essential needs from the Divine perspective: such as the putting and taking away of sin, the impartation of new creatureship, the bringing of many sons to glory, to name a few.

The Lamb shall lead them unto living fountains of waters.  The LORD God Himself and the Lamb are “the fountain of living waters” (Jer. 2:13). 
The Woman at the Well. “Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water” (Jn. 4:10). “He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.

“O LORD, the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee shall be ashamed, and they that depart from me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken the LORD, the fountain of living waters” (Jer. 17:13).
“ And it shall be in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be” (Zech. 14:8).  Speaking in a figure, seas that were once associated with death (the Dead Sea) and mystery (the Mediterranean) shall now be teeming with life, the living water denoting the knowledge of God.

Living Water. (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)

And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes. This is a marvelous consideration in itself that God shall wipe away tears from their eyes.  “The LORD God shall wipe away tears from off all faces” (Isa. 25:8). This does not mean that God is going to walk around with a handkerchief, and say “There, there, now, it’s alright now.”  Rather, in this figure we are given to consider that the ever-increasing understanding of the LORD God and His ways and purposes shall be the cause for tears to be of vestigial significance (only in comparison to the former things). 
Frequently, the question “why?” perplexes the child of God in the present time, but there the unhindered feeding upon the knowledge of God will more than answer such questions. I doubt that that God’s redeemed sons and daughters will feel a need to ask the question “why” with regard to particular circumstances and hard trials they were called upon to endure. In my judgment the unhindered partakement of the knowledge of God will abundantly satisfy all such interrogations that men within themselves in the present time.